Vaginal inseminations:
Vaginal inseminations are great options for proven bitches and dogs. The use of fresh or good quality chilled semen is generally recommended.

Trans-cervical inseminations:
Trans-cervical inseminations are found to have the same success rate as surgical inseminations. The semen is deposited through the cervix into the uterine body with the use of a scope. No anesthesia is required and sedation is rarely needed. Trans-cervical inseminations are a great option for all types of semen (frozen, chilled, fresh).

Surgical inseminations:
Surgical inseminations are recommended for our older patients or those who have had previous problems with fertility. A surgical insemination allows for observation of the gross anatomy of the uterus and ovaries during the procedure.